Fulfillment of Rights

Hazrat Thanwi (RA) said:

Sometimes involvement with the Qu’ran Shareef also becomes unlawful. For example: a man wishes to do Hifz but has the responsibility of providing for his family. It will be unlawful for such a man to involve himself with hifz of the Qur’an which is Mustahab, since it is his obligatory duty fardh-e-ayn to provide for his family.”

NOTE: This prohibition will only apply if involvement in the pursuit of Hifz results in the neglect of the Huqooq of one’s family. If a man possesses the ability to execute both tasks simultaneously, it will not be unlawful.

SubhanAllah. This shows the great status of fulfilment of rights of the fellow slaves and those who are under our guardianship and responsibility. Unfortunately, in our day and age, Deen has become a platform of fulfillment of fantasies, feeling a good vibe, and getting a name.

Many a time you see people whose household situation is such which is in dire need of spiritual, financial, or emotional support. There is no one else to look after the household affairs and be there for the assistance of the family. In that time of dire need you see that a person gets a sudden urge (out of nowhere) to go to study overseas, become the next Imam Ghazali, or go on an adventurous journey to seek out the Shaykh of his dreams who will make him the next Shaykh Abdul Qader Jaylani.

It should be understood well, that these types of sudden bursts of energy are nothing but a deception from shaytan. Shaytan knows that “I can never make the practicing believer drink wine, abandon salah, commit zina, etc. But I can deceive him into other such predicaments by which he becomes deprived of Allah’s mercy and grace, and eventually I make him a “bankrupt destitute” (as far as imaan and a`maal is concerned).

One of the ways shaytan makes a believer a “bankrupt destitute” is through mixing up priorities for him and making him become oblivious of his obligatory duties and magnifying the unnecessary actions. An example of this is a person who prays tahajjud all night and does zikr, and then sleeps through fajr prayer which is an absolute fardh.

He feels very pleased with his great feat of spirituality, but he doesn’t know that shaytan is laughing at him at that moment.

By this, he also becomes deprived of Allah’s mercy and grace and incredibly loses out spiritually, turning into a “bankrupt destitute” as it has mentioned extensively in the ahaadith.

It is mentioned in a famous and known hadith of Sahih Muslim:

Rasulullah (salallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “Do you know who is the bankrupt destitute?” So the Sahabah (ridhwanullahi alaihim) answered, “He is the one who has no money and possessions.”

The Messenger of Allah (salallahu alaihi wa sallam) then said: “The bankrupt destitute of my Ummah is the one who will come on the Day of Judgmennt with lots of prayer, fasting and charity in his account. But he will come (in such a state) that he had abused a person physically, or slandered someone, or usurped the wealth of someone else, or shed the blood of someone, thus, each person will be given his due right on that Day from his good deeds to make up for the rights of theirs which he had violated. When all of his good deeds will be finished and wiped out before fulfilment of everyone’s due rights (which he had violated), then the people will cast their sins upon him, then he will be thrown headlong into the fire.”

Mullah Ali Qari (rahimahullah) comments on this hadith saying: “From this hadithh it is understood that in the matter of huququl-ibaad (due rights of the slaves), there is no pardon from Allah Ta`ala nor any intercession which will be accepted, unless He wishes to satisfy the opposing party which demands their rights. (Mirqatul Mafatih ; Vol. 9, pg. 314.)

May Allah Ta`ala save us from not fulfilling our rights which are due to others, and save us from oppression and grant us a correct understanding of our priorities in this path. Aameen.

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2 Comments on “Fulfillment of Rights”

  1. Abu Yahya Says:

    wa iyyakum… May Allah Ta`ala give myself and the entire Ummah the taufeeq of implementing this very important duty.

    As for the “calibre” of the article… this is nothing but a reiteration of the words of my Shaikh and Murshid, Hazrat Maulana Shah Hakim Muhammad Akhtar Saheb (may Allah preserve him). Things of calibre come from people of high calibre. And these are just the translated statements and reflections of those people.

    The reason I decided to put this on the Blog (with the permission of Maulana Muhammad Nabeel Saheb) was due to a question which was asked of me regarding huququl-ibaad. I was asked as to what the rights of the family are and what the rights of Allah.

    But the subject matter of this question is so vast that books and volumes have been written in its regard. To explain this has to be dealt with, case by case and individual by individual. The rights of the parents over the children is a whole subject on its own and vice versa. The rights of the worker over the employer is another whole chapter with its details. And so on…

    The only way a person will be fully acquainted with all of these rights is to acquire full proficiency in fiqh. This is why the ulama mention that to gain necessary knowledge of fiqh is fardh-e-ayn. The rights of Allah’s servants and one’s family and relative are also included in this obligation. So to make a long story short… fulfilment of rights which leads to the neglect of anyone’s rights respectively is not fulfilment of rights. Deen is consistency and moderation, equilibrium and balance. There should be no inconsistencies and imbalances. This is our effort and he challenge which we need to work to achieve and with the suhbat of pious ulama and ahlullah, this overwhelming task becomes very easy.

    Wallahu Waliyyut-Taufeeq

  2. Abu Abdullah Says:

    Assalamu Alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh

    Jazakallah for this excellent article.

    I have written something, similar, but obviously not of the calibre you have wrote.

    WS


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